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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Ranunculaceae | Ranunculus

118. Ranunculus chinensis Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor. 3. 1833.

茴茴蒜 hui hui suan

Ranunculus pensylvanicus Linnaeus var. chinensis (Bunge) Maximowicz.

Herbs perennial or annual. Roots fibrous, subequally thick. Stems 10--50 cm, densely hispid, simple or branched. Basal leaves several; petiole 4--20 cm, hispid; blade ternate, ovate in outline, 4--8 × 4--10.5 cm, papery, strigose; central leaflet stalked, rhombic or broadly rhombic, 3-partite, secondary lobes rhombic-cuneate, 2- or 3-lobed; lateral leaflets smaller, shortly stalked, oblique flabellate, unequally 2-partite. Lower stem leaves similar to basal ones, upper stem leaves smaller, shortly petiolate, 3-sect. Compound monochasium terminal, 3- to several flowered; bracts leaflike. Flowers 0.7--1.2 cm in diam. Pedicel 0.5--2 cm, strigose. Receptacle densely puberulent. Sepals 5, reflexed, elliptic-ovate, 3--5 mm, abaxially strigose. Petals 5, obovate or ovate, 5--6 × 2.8--3 mm, nectary pit covered by a scale, apex rounded. Stamens numerous; anthers oblong. Aggregate fruit ovoid-cylindric or ovoid, 6--10 × 4--6 mm; carpels numerous. Achene bilaterally compressed, obliquely obovate, 2--2.5 × 1.6--2 mm, glabrous, narrowly marginate; style persistent, ca. 0.2 mm. Fl. Apr--Sep.

By streams and rivers, wet grassy places, grassy slopes, meadows; below 3000 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, E Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, W Sichuan, Xinjiang, E Xizang, Yunnan, E Zhejiang [Bhutan, N India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Mongolia, N Pakistan, Russia (Siberia), Thailand].

Chinese material named as Ranunculus pensylvanicus Linnaeus belongs here.


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