1. Eomecon chionantha Hance, J. Bot. (Morot). 22: 346. 1884.
血水草 xue shui cao
Herbs, perennial, patch-forming, glabrous. Roots orange; rootstock stoloniferous. Leaves all basal; petiole blue-gray, 10-30 cm, slender, basally with slightly inflated sheath; blade abaxially gray-green, often flushed lilac, cordate or reniform, rarely cordate-sagittate, 5-26 × 5-20 cm, palmately 5-7-veined, margin undulate, scalloped, apex acuminate or acute. Scape blue-gray and slightly mauve, 20-40 cm, 3-5-flowered. Bracts and bractlets ovate-lanceolate, 2-10 mm, margin thinly membra- nous, apex acuminate. Pedicel erect, 0.5-5 cm. Flower buds ovoid, ca. 1 cm, apex acuminate. Sepals 0.5-1 cm, glabrous. Petals white, obovate, 1-2.5 × 0.7-1.8 cm. Filaments 5-7 mm; anthers yellow, ca. 3 mm. Ovary ovoid or narrowly ovoid, 5-10 mm, glabrous; styles 3-5 mm; stigmas 2-lobed, decurrent to styles. Capsule narrowly elliptic, ca. 2 cm × 5 mm, styles to 1 cm (fruit immature). Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Jun-Oct. 2n = 18*.
● Forest understories, under shrubs, ravines, roadsides; 1400-1800 m. Anhui, N and W Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, SW Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, E and SE Sichuan, NE and SE Yunnan, SW Zhejiang.