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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Duchesnea

2. Duchesnea chrysantha (Zollinger & Moritzi) Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 372. 1855.

皱果蛇莓 zhou guo she mei

Fragaria chrysantha Zollinger & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. 7. 1846; Duchesnea formosana Odashima; D. wallichiana (Seringe) Nakai ex H. Hara; F. indica Andrews var. wallichii Franchet & Savatier; Potentilla indica (Andrews) Th. Wolf var. wallichii (Franchet & Savatier) Th. Wolf; P. wallichiana Seringe.

Herbs perennial. Stolons 30–50 cm, together with stipules and petioles pilose. Stipules lanceolate, 2–3 mm; petiole 1.5–3 cm; leaflets petiolulate, rhombic, obovate, or ovate, 1.5–2.5 × 1–2 cm, abaxially sparsely villous, adaxially subglabrous, base cuneate, margin obtusely or acutely serrate, but entire near base, apex rounded, sometimes mucronate; lateral leaflets sometimes 2- or 3-fid. Flowers 0.5–1.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2–3 cm. Sepals ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 3–5 mm, abaxially villous, margin ciliate, apex acuminate; epicalyx segments triangular-obovate, 3–7 mm, abaxially sparsely villous, apex 3–5-serrate. Petals 2.5–5 mm, glabrous, apex emarginate or rounded. Aggregate fruit ripening pale pink, not shining, 0.8–1.2 cm in diam. Achenes red, not shining when fresh, ovoid, 4–6 mm, rugose. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jun–Sep. 2n = 14.

Meadows. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia].

This species is used medicinally.


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