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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Potentilla

33. Potentilla multifida Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 496. 1753.

多裂委陵菜 duo lie wei ling cai

Herbs perennial. Roots terete, slightly woody. Flowering stems ascending, sometimes spreading near ground, rarely erect, 3–40 cm tall, appressed or spreading pubescent or sericeous. Radical leaves 2.5–17 cm including petiole; stipules brown, membranous, abaxially pilose or glabrescent; petiole appressed or spreading pubescent; leaf blade pinnate with (2 or)3–5(or 6) pairs of leaflets; leaflets opposite, rarely alternate, at intervals of 0.5–2 cm, oblong-elliptic or broadly ovate, 1–5 × 0.8–2 cm, distal leaflets larger than proximal ones, abaxially white tomentose, appressed sericeous-villous on veins, adaxially appressed pubescent, densely appressed villous, or rarely glabrescent, midvein and lateral veins convex, margin revolute, pinnately parted almost to midvein, apex acute or ligulate; segments fasciated, fasciated lanceolate, or ligulate fasciated; cauline leaves 2 or 3; stipules green, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, herbaceous, apex acute or acuminate, 2-fid or entire; leaf blade resembling that of radical leaves but leaflets fewer higher up stem. Inflorescence corymbose-cymose, elongated and lax after flowering. Flowers 1.2–1.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 1.5–2.5 cm, pubescent. Sepals triangular-ovate, apex acute or acuminate; epicalyx segments lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, slightly shorter than sepals, appressed villous, apex obtuse or acute. Petals yellow, obovate, equaling sepals, apex emarginate. Style subterminal, conic, base thickened, papillate; stigma slightly enlarged. Achenes smooth or rugose. Fl. and fr. May–Aug.

Forest margins, meadows, grassy mountain slopes, alpine valleys, ravines, sandy river banks; 700--5000 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Asia, Europe, North America].

1 Stems spreading near ground, 3–8 cm tall.   33c var. nubigena
+ Stems ascending, rarely erect, 12–40 cm tall.   (2)
2 (1) Cauline leaves pinnate with up to 5 pairs of leaflets.   33a var. multifida
+ Cauline leaves pinnate or appearing palmate with 5 pairs of leaflets densely inserted at petiole apex.   33b var. ornithopoda

Lower Taxa


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