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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Rosa

90. Rosa cymosa Trattinnick, Ros. Monogr. 1: 87. 1823.

小果蔷薇 xiao guo qiang wei

Rosa amoyensis Hance; R. banksiae W. T. Aiton var. microcarpa Regel; R. bodinieri H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. cavaleriei H. Léveillé; R. chaffonjonii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. fukienensis Metcalf; R. indica Linnaeus, p.p.; R. microcarpa Lindley; R. sorbiflora Focke.

Shrubs evergreen, climbing or scandent, 2–5 m. Branchlets terete, glabrous or pubescent; prickles scattered, hooked, to 6 mm, flat, gradually tapering to a broad base. Leaves including petiole 5–10 cm; stipules caducous, free, linear, membranous, margin entire, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole glabrous or pubescent, often sparsely prickly, rarely glandular-pubescent; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2.5–6 × 0.8–2.5 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially puberulous along midvein or both surfaces densely puberulous, midvein prominent, adaxially shiny, base subrounded, margin acutely serrulate, apex acuminate. Flowers numerous, 2–2.5 m in diam., in compound corymbs; pedicel ca. 1.5 cm, pubescent when young, glabrescent; bracts lanceolate, margin sparsely glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate. Hypanthium globose or ovoid, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, abaxially subglabrous, rarely setose, adaxially sparsely white tomentose, margin often pinnately lobed, apex acuminate. Petals 5, fragrant, white or yellow, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, slightly exserted, nearly equaling stamens, densely white pubescent. Hip red, black, purple, or black-brown, globose, 4–7 mm in diam. Fl. May–Jun, fr. Jul–Nov.

Hills, open slopes, stream sides, roadsides; 200--1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, E Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, Vietnam].

1 Branchlets, petioles, and both surfaces of leaflets glabrous or leaflets abaxially sparsely pubescent.   90a var. cymosa
+ Branchlets, petioles, and both surfaces of leaflets densely puberulous.   90b var. puberula

Lower Taxa


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