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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Rosa

34. Rosa oxyacantha Marschall von Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 338. 1819.

尖刺蔷薇 jian ci qiang wei

Rosa pimpinellifolia Linnaeus var. subalpina Bunge ex Marschall von Bieberstein.

Shrubs small, 1–2 m tall. Branchlets red-brown, glabrous; prickles numerous, yellowish, straight, unequally long and thick, abruptly tapering to broadened base. Leaves including petiole 4–9 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts lanceolate, margin entire, glandular-pubescent, apex acute; rachis and petiole sparsely shortly prickly, glandular-pubescent; leaflets 7–9, oblong or elliptic, 1.5–2.5 × 0.8–1.7 cm, glabrous, abaxially with prominent veins, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin doubly serrate, apex acute or rounded-obtuse. Flowers solitary, rarely 2 or 3 and fasciculate, 2.5–3 cm in diam.; pedicel 1.5–2 cm, glabrous or glandular-pubescent; bracts ovate, margin glandular-pubescent, apex long caudate. Hypanthium ovoid or oblong, glabrous or sparsely stipitate glandular. Sepals 5, lanceolate, leaflike, abaxially densely glandular-pubescent, adaxially densely pubescent, margin entire. Petals 5, pink, obovate, base broadly cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles shorter than stamens, pubescent. Hip bright-red, oblong or ovoid, 1–1.5 cm in diam., glabrous or sparsely stipitate glandular, with persistent, erect sepals. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep.

Scrub; 1100--1400 m. Xinjiang [Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].

One of us (Robertson) has seen no specimens of this species.


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