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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Cicer

1. Cicer arietinum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 738. 1753.

鹰嘴豆 ying zui dou

Herbs annual, 12-80 cm tall. Stem much branched, erect, glandular hairy. Leaves imparipinnate with a terminal leaflet; stipules leaflike, unequal, margin toothed; leaflets 3-8-paired, elliptic, 7-17 × 3-10 mm, glandular hairy, margin dentate at least in distal half. Raceme 1- or 2-flowered; pedicels 5-25 mm. Calyx campanulate, deeply toothed, glandular hairy. Co­rolla white, light blue, or purple-red, 8-10 mm, glandular hairy. Legume pendulous, inflated, ovate in outline, (1.5-)2-3.5 × 1-1.7 cm, 1-4-seeded, pubescent and glandular hairy. Seeds 5-15 × 5-10 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 16.

Cultivated as a crop; 2000-2700 m. Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Taiwan, Xinjiang [widely culti­vated elsewhere; of cultivated origin].

Cicer arietinum was possibly derived from C. reticulatum Ladi­zinsky in Neolithic SE Turkey (Mabberley, Plant-Book, ed. 3, 187. 2008).

The seeds are edible (chick peas, garbanzo beans).


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