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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Gymnocladus

1. Gymnocladus chinensis Baillon, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris. 1: 34. 1875.

肥皂荚 fei zao jia

Gymnocladus guangxiensis P. C. Huang & Q. W. Yao.

Trees, 5-12 m tall. Bark grayish brown, with conspicuous whitish lenticels. Branchlets of current year ferruginous or whitish puberulent, glabrescent. Leaves 20-25 cm, without stip­ules; rachis sulcate, puberulent; pinnae opposite, subopposite, or alternate, 5-10 pairs; leaflets alternate, 8-12 pairs, subses­sile, with subulate stipels; blades oblong, 2.5-5 × 1-1.5 cm, both surfaces silky pubescent, both ends rounded, base slightly oblique, apex sometimes emarginate. Racemes puberulent. Flowers polygamous, pendulous, whitish or tinged with purple, long pedicellate. Bracts small or absent. Receptacle deeply con­cave, 5-6 mm, puberulent. Sepals subulate, slightly shorter than receptacle. Petals oblong, slightly longer than sepals, hairy, apex obtuse. Filaments pubescent. Ovary sessile, glabrous, 4-ovuled; style short, thick; stigma capitate. Legume oblong, 7-10 × 3-4 cm, compressed or turgid, glabrous, apex shortly beaked. Seeds 2-4, blackish, subglobose, slightly compressed, ca. 2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fr. Aug. 2n = 28*.

● Slopes, mountain sides, mixed forests, sides of rocks, near vil­lages, beside houses; 100-1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guang­xi, ?Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, ?Yunnan, Zhe­jiang.


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