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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Pueraria

5. Pueraria montana (Loureiro) Merrill, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 24(2): 10, 210. 1935.

葛 ge

Robust climbers, with tuberous roots. Stems to 8 m, woody at base, hirsute with yellowish hairs in all parts. Stipules dorsi­fixed, ovate-oblong, striate; stipels linear-lanceolate, equal to petiolules or longer; leaflets 3-lobed, rarely entire, terminal one broadly ovate, 7-15(-19) × 5-12(-18) cm, apex acuminate, lat­eral ones obliquely ovate, smaller, with yellowish adpressed hairs adaxially, more densely hairy abaxially. Racemes 15-30 cm. Flowers 2 or 3 aggregated at nodes. Bracts linear-lanceolate to linear, shorter or longer than bracteoles, caducous; bracteoles ovate, less than 2 mm. Calyx 7-20 mm, villous with yellow-brown hairs; lobes lanceolate, acuminate, slightly longer than tube. Corolla purple; standard obovate, 8-18 mm, auriculate and with yellow callosities at base, shortly clawed; wings fal­cate, narrower than keel, base with linear auricles; keel falcate-oblong, with very small and acute auricles. Vexillary stamen free in upper part. Ovary linear, hairy. Legumes long elliptic, 4-14 cm × 6-13 mm, flattened, brown hirsute. Fl. Jul-Oct, fr. Oct-Dec.

Mountain forests, thickets, open places. Everywhere in China ex­cept Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Xizang [SE Asia to Australia].

This plant is commonly known as kudzu vine.

1 Bracts shorter than bracteoles; calyx 7-8 mm; standard ca. 8 mm in diam.; legumes 4-9 cm × 6-8 mm.   5a var. montana
+ Bracts longer than bracteoles; calyx 8-20 mm; standard 10-18 mm; legumes 5-14 cm × 8-13 mm   (2)
2 (1) Calyx 8-10 mm; standard obovate, 10-12 mm; wings subequal to keel; legumes 5-9 cm × 8-11 mm.   5b var. lobata
+ Calyx to 20 mm; standard suborbicular, 16-18 mm; wings slightly shorter than keel; legumes 10-14 cm × 10-13 mm.   5c var. thomsonii

Lower Taxa


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