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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

194. Ilex micrococca Maximowicz, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, sér. 7. 29(3): 39. 1881.

小果冬青 xiao guo dong qing

Ilex micrococca var. longifolia Hayata; I. micrococca f. luteocarpa H. Ohba & S. Akiyama; I. micrococca f. pilosa S. Y. Hu; I. micrococca f. tsangii T. R. Dudley; I. pseudogodajam Franchet.

Trees deciduous, 12-20 m tall. Branchlets thick, glabrous or pubescent, with conspicuous, large, circular or oblong, often coalescent white lenticels. Stipules broadly deltoid, small; petiole 1.5-3.2 cm, slender, glabrous, abaxially plicate-rugose, ada xially flat; leaf blade abaxially greenish, adaxially deep green, ovate, ovate-elliptic, or ovate-oblong, 7-13 × 3-5 cm, membranous or papery, both surfaces glabrous or abaxially pubescent, midvein slightly impressed adaxially, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, reticulate veins raised on both surfaces, base rounded or broadly cuneate, often oblique, margin subentire or aristate- serrate, apex long acuminate. Inflorescences: compound cymes, cymules of order 3 or 4, solitary, axillary on current year’s branchlets, glabrous; peduncles 9-12 mm, plicate, rugose; secondary axis 2-7 mm; bracts absent; tertiary axis with bracts broadly deltoid, acute; pedicels 2-3 mm, glabrous or pilose; bracteole 1, basal, deltoid. Male flowers 5- or 6-merous; calyx patelliform, shallowly 5- or 6-lobed, lobes obtuse, glabrous or ciliate, or abaxially pilose; corolla rotate, petals oblong, 1.2-1.5 mm, basally slightly connate; stamens ca. as long as petals, anthers ovoid-oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose and rostellate. Female flowers 6-8-merous; calyx deeply 6-lobed, lobes obtuse, ciliate; petals oblong, ca. 1 mm, basally slightly connate; staminodes ca. 1/2 as long as petals, sterile anthers sagittate; ovary conical-ovoid, ca. 1 mm in diam., stigma discoid. Fruit red or yellow, globose, ca. 3 mm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate; persistent stigma thickly discoid, convex, 6-8-lobed; pyrenes 6-8, ellipsoidal, ca. 2 mm, ca. 1 mm in diam., ends obtuse, abaxially slightly rugose, longitudinally 1-sulcate, laterally smooth, endocarp leathery. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Oct.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests, mountains; 500-1900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam].


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