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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Hippocastanaceae | Handeliodendron

1. Handeliodendron bodinieri (H. Léveillé) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 16: 66. 1935.

掌叶木 zhang ye mu

Sideroxylon bodinieri H. Léveillé, Fl. Kouy-Tchéou, 384. 1914-1915.

Trees or shrubs to 15 m tall, glabrous throughout except flowers. Petiole 4-11 cm; petiolules 0.1-1.5 cm; leaflet blades elliptic to oblanceolate, 3-12 × 1.5-6.5 cm, base broadly cuneate, apex acuminate to caudate; lateral veins in 9-12 pairs. Peduncle 3-4 cm; compound thyrse 5-7.5(-12) cm; branches 1-3 cm; pedicels 2-5 mm, densely covered with whitish, globose papillae. Sepals 2-3 × ca. 1 mm, oblong-elliptic or subovate, abaxially covered with whitish, globose papillae, margin densely ciliate, apex subobtuse. Petals 4 or 5, yellow to white, 5-9 × 1.5-2 mm, abaxially crispate villous, adaxially glabrous, margin densely ciliate. Stamens 7 or 8, 5-10 mm; filament proximally crispate villous; anther ca. 0.7 mm. Ovary ca. 2.5 mm (including gynophore), glabrous. Capsule orange-brown, mottled, 2.2-3.5 × 0.5-1.8 cm (including gynophore 1-1.5 cm), apex mucronate. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jul-Aug(-Oct).

● Forests, forest margins, glades, rocky gullies, caves, and rock crevices in karstic limestone mountain areas; 500-1200 m. NW Guangxi, S Guizhou.

The specimen J. Cavalerie 7945 (K), from "Tou-chan" in the "Yunnan-sen district" (i.e., Kunming in Yunnan), may represent either a range extension into Yunnan or a labeling error. Some populations in Guangxi and Guizhou are almost on the Yunnan border, so such a range extension is not unlikely.

This species was given as rare by Lan (in Fu & Jin, China Pl. Red Data Book 1: 590-591. 1992), owing to excessive collecting of seeds for extraction of oil and poor natural regeneration. The seeds are rich in oil and therefore a favorite food of wild animals.


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