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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Sapindaceae | Pometia

1. Pometia pinnata J. R. Forster & G. Forster, Char. Gen. Pl. 110. 1775.

番龙眼 fan long yan

Irina tomentosa Blume; Pometia pinnata f. tomentosa (Blume) M. Jacobs; P. tomentosa (Blume) Teijsmann & Binnendijk.

Trees, large, ca. 20 m tall, to 50 m tall. Crown large, broad, with evident buttress roots; branches grooved, sometimes hirsute. Leaves rather large, with petiole to 1.5 m, axis and leaflets subglabrous to tomentose; leaflets dense, 5-9 pairs, sometimes to 15 pairs, subopposite; petiolules short, inflated; blades:
first pair orbicular, small, base cordate, stipulelike; others oblong or upper ones nearly cuneate, 15-40 × 5-10 cm, margin regularly serrate, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary; rachis and branches strong, straight, 30-50 cm, pilosulose. Pedicels ca. 6 mm, base jointed. Sepals ca. 1 mm, pilosulose. Petals obovate-triangular, ca. 2 × 2 mm. Stamens ca. 5 mm. Fruit shiny, ellipsoid or sometimes subglobose, ca. 3 × 2 cm, glabrous.

Taiwan, Yunnan [India (Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands), Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Pacific islands (Fiji, Samoa, Tonga)].

This species is used for its timber.


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