27. Meliosma oldhamii Miquel ex Maximowicz, Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 6: 263. 1868.
红柴枝 hong chai zhi
Trees to 20 m tall, deciduous. Axillary buds globose or compressed-globose, densely light brownish pubescent. Leaves odd pinnate, 15-30 cm, axis, petiolules and both surfaces of leaflets brownish pubescent; leaflets 7-15, ovate on lower axis, 3-5 cm, oblong-ovate or narrowly ovate at middle, terminal one obovate or oblong-obovate, 5.5-8(-10) × 2-3.5 cm, thinly papery, abaxially pubescent or subglabrous, adaxially shortly pubescent, lateral veins 7 or 8 pairs, ascending, arched-anastomosing near margin, crinite at vein axils, base rounded or broadly or narrowly cuneate, margin sparsely acutely serrate, apex acute or acute-acuminate. Panicle terminal, erect, 15-30 cm long and wide, branched 3 times, brownish pubescent. Pedicel 1-1.5 mm. Sepals 5, elliptic-ovate, ca. 1 mm, outer ones narrower, ciliate. Petals white: 3 outer ones suborbicular, ca. 2 mm in diam.; 2 inner ones slightly shorter than filaments, bifid to half, sometimes 3-lobed and middle one very small, lateral lobes narrowly obovate, ciliate. Fertile stamens ca. 1.5 mm. Ovary equal to style, yellow pubescent. Drupe globose, 4-5 mm in diam.; endocarp convex, with distinct, scattered netlike strips, midrib conspicuously prominent. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Sep.
Valley forests, mountain forests, humid mountain slopes; 300-1900 m. Anhui, Fujian, N Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, S Korea].