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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Malvaceae | Malva

3. Malva verticillata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 689. 1753.

野葵 ye kui

Herbs biennial, 50-100(-120) cm tall; stem sparsely stellate velutinous. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3-5 × 2-4 mm, stellate puberulent; petiole 2-8(-15) cm, puberulent in adaxial groove, glabrescent; leaf blade reniform or round, (3-)5-11 × (2-)5-11 cm, both surfaces very sparsely strigose or subglabrous, 5-7-lobed, lobes rounded or acute, margin crenate-serrate. Flowers 3- to many-fascicled, axillary. Pedicels 2-15(-40) mm. Epicalyx lobes filiform-lanceolate, (3-)5-6 mm, ciliate. Calyx cup-shaped, 5-8 mm, lobes broadly triangular, sparsely stellate strigose. Corolla whitish to reddish, slightly longer than sepals; petals 6-8 mm, apex retuse; claw glabrous or sparsely hairy. Filament tube 3-4 mm, glabrous or with a few simple hairs. Style branches 10-11. Schizocarp flat-globose, 5-7 mm in diam.; mericarps 10-12, abaxially smooth, ca. 1 mm thick, angles rounded and rugose, sides reticulate. Seeds purple-brown, reniform, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Mar-Nov.

Hills, plains, also cultivated and becoming weedy. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Korea, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan; E Africa (Ethiopia), Europe; invasive weed in North America].

This species is similar to Malva parviflora but differs in having a glabrous staminal column and obviously reticulate mericarps.

1 Leaves on distal part of stem with lobes rounded; flowers in looser fascicles; pedicels unequal, the long ones not obscured by flowers or fruits.   3c var. rafiqii
+ Leaves on distal part of stem with lobes triangular; flowers in compact fascicles; pedicels uniformly short, obscured by flowers or fruit   (2)
2 (1) Herbs biennial or perennial; leaf margin not undulate; schizocarp 5-7 mm in diam.   3a var. verticillata
+ Herbs annual; leaf margin strongly undulate; schizocarp ca. 8 mm in diam.   3b var. crispa


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