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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Actinidiaceae | Actinidia

32. Actinidia latifolia (Gardner & Champion) Merrill, J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 86: 330. 1922.

阔叶猕猴桃 kuo ye mi hou tao

Climbing shrubs, large, deciduous. Branchlets glabrous, with whitish lenticels, slightly puberulent or densely tomentose when young; pith white, lamellate, solid, or hollow. Petiole 3-7 cm, glabrous to sparsely velutinous; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially green, usually broadly ovate to broadly obovate, sometimes orbicular to narrowly ovate, 8-13(-15) × 5-8.5(-12) cm, abaxially glabrescent to densely appressed stellate tomentose, adaxially glabrescent to densely puberulent, midvein and lateral veins distinct and raised abaxially, inconspicuous to subconspicuous adaxially, lateral veins 6 or 7 pairs, transverse veins distinct, base broadly cuneate to rounded, truncate or reniform, margin minutely and remotely callose-serrulate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences 3- or 4-branched, 10- or more flowered, densely brownish tomentose; peduncles 2.5-8.5 cm, forked at top; pedicels 0.5-1.5 cm, elongating and enlarging at fruiting stage; bracts linear, 1-2 mm. Flowers fragrant. Sepals 5, ovate, 4-5 mm, reflexed after anthesis, both surfaces yellowish tomentose. Petals 5-8, white on upper part and margins, orange on middle of lower parts, oblong to obovate-oblong, 6-8 mm, reflexed after anthesis. Filaments 2-4 mm, slender; anthers ovoid, ca. 1 mm, sagittate at base. Ovary globose, ca. 2 mm, densely pilose; styles 2-3 mm. Fruit brown, subglobose to ovoid, 3-3.5 × 2-2.5 cm, lenticellate, glabrous when mature or only pubescent at base and apex. Seeds 2-2.5 mm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Oct-Nov. 2n = 58*.

Forests, thickets, mountain slopes, valleys; 400-1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam].

1 Leaves adaxially very sparsely puberulent to glabrescent, abaxially densely stellate tomentose   32a var. latifolia
+ Leaves adaxially densely puberulent, abaxially more thickly stellate tomentose.   32b var. mollis


Related Objects  
  • Lectotypification of Actinidia latifolia var. deliciosa (Actinidiaceae)
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