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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Actinidiaceae | Clematoclethra

1. Clematoclethra scandens (Franchet) Maximowicz, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 11: 38. 1890.

藤山柳 teng shan liu

Branchlets glabrous or pubescent. Leaves highly variable, usually ovate, elliptic, broadly ovate, lanceolate, or oblong-obovate, 3-15 × 1.5-8 cm, papery to leathery, both surfaces glabrous or hairy, base obtuse, rounded, cordate, or cuneate, margin finely bristle-toothed, rarely entire, apex acute to caudate. Cymes axillary, 1-12-flowered. Sepals connate at base, white or whitish green, broadly ovate, 3-4 × 2-3 mm. Petals free, white or tinged with red, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, 5-8 × 4-5 mm. Fruit a leathery capsule, red or purple to black, subglobose, 5-7(-10) mm in diam., 5-ridged. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 48*.

● Forests, thickets, mountain slopes, valleys; 1000-3900 m. Chongqing, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan.

1 Annual branchlets setose; fruit mostly scarlet at maturity.   1a subsp. scandens
+ Annual branchlets not setose or very sparsely setose; fruit mostly purplish black to black at maturity   (2)
2 (1) Pedicel and calyx usually woolly; inflorescences often 3-7(-12)-flowered.   1b subsp. hemsleyi
+ Pedicel and calyx usually not woolly; inflorescences 1-6-flowered   (3)
3 (2) Leaves abaxially and annual branchlets usually tomentose; inflorescences often 3-6-flowered.   1c subsp. tomentella
+ Leaves abaxially usually glabrous or sparsely pilose; annual branchlets usually glabrous or puberulent; inflorescences often 1-3-flowered.   1d subsp. actinidioides


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