58. Viola cuspidifolia W. Becker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1929: 201. 1929.
鄂西堇菜 e xi jin cai
Herbs perennial, acaulescent, 8-10 cm tall, gray-green, glabrous. Rhizome erect, 7-8 cm, robust, 3-4 mm in diam., without rootlets. Leaves basal, gray-green; stipules narrowly lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, ca. 2/3 adnate to petiole, margin sparsely shortly fimbriate; petiole subequaling leaf blade, narrowly winged in upper part; leaf blade lanceolate, 3-4 × ca. 1 cm, both surfaces glabrous, veins raised abaxially, base narrowly cuneate, long decurrent to petiole, margin remotely and shallowly serrate, apex ± acute. Flowers purplish; pedicels usually exceeding leaves. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, ca. 1 mm in diam., apex acuminate, basal auricles nearly square, narrower. Petals elliptic, lateral ones bearded, anterior one spatulate, shortly spurred; spur ca. 2 mm, slightly robust. Ovary glabrous; styles clavate, base slightly geniculate, gradually thickened in upper part; stigmas with erect margins on lateral sides and abaxially, shortly beaked in front, beak slightly erect. Capsule ellipsoid, 5-6 mm, glabrous. Fl. Apr and Sep, fr. May-Oct.
● Grasslands on mountain slopes; elevation unknown. W Hubei, Hunan.