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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

55. Viola magnifica C. J. Wang ex X. D. Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13: 263. 1991.

犁头叶堇菜 li tou ye jin cai

Herbs perennial, acaulescent, ca. 28 cm tall. Rhizome robust, 1-2.5 cm, to 5 mm in diam., producing numerous terete roots and fibrous rootlets. Leaves basal, usually 5-7; stipules large, 1/2-2/3 adnate to petioles, free part linear or narrowly lanceolate, ca. 1.2 cm, margin subentire or remotely denticulate; petiole to 20 cm, very narrowly winged in upper part, glabrous; leaf blade adaxially deep green, triangular, triangular-ovate or narrowly ovate, 7-15 × 4-8 cm, broadest at base, larger at fruiting, both surfaces glabrous, base broadly or deeply cordate, lateral lobes spreading and large, margin distinctly coarsely serrate, teeth obtuse and slightly incurved at apices, apex acuminate. Flowers large, light pink or bluish purple. Sepals narrowly ovate, 4-7 × 2-3.2 mm; basal auricles 3-5 mm, apex deeply dentate. Lateral petals slightly bearded, anterior petal oblong, ca. 1.9 cm (spur included); spur 4-5 mm, 3-3.5 mm in diam. Capsule ellipsoid, 1.2-2 cm, ca. 5 mm in diam., glabrous; fruit stalk 4-15 cm, glabrous, 2-bracteolate near or below middle; bracteoles linear or linear-lanceolate, 7-10 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jul-Oct.

● Forests on mountain slopes, shaded and moist places at forest margins or in valleys; 800-2000 m. Anhui, Chongqing, NW Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.


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