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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

15. Viola serrula W. Becker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1928: 247. 1928.

小齿堇菜 xiao chi jin cai

Herbs perennial. Stem procumbent or obliquely ascending, 5-15 cm tall. Rhizome erect, hard, densely covered with dense remains of stipules and petioles. Stipules free, brown, narrowly lanceolate, margin fimbriate; petiole 2-4 cm; leaf blade cordate or broadly ovate, 1.5-2 × ca. 1 cm, abaxially glabrous, adaxially pubescent, base widely cordate, margin shallowly crenulate, apex abruptly acute. Flowers violet or whitish, small; pedicels long, much exceeding leaves, slender, glabrous, with 2 opposite bracteoles in upper part. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, apex abruptly acute, basal auricles narrower, with brown glandular dots. Lateral petals papillose-hairy at base inside; anterior petal thickly spurred; spur 2-2.5 mm, horizontally straight. Styles slender, not geniculate at base, papillose-hairy at apex, with a slightly curved short beak in front. Capsule ca. 4 mm, glabrous, with brown glandular dots. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jun-Jul.

● Rock crevices in sparse forests; 300-2000 m. Chongqing, Guizhou, NE Yunnan.


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