38. Elaeagnus glabra Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 164. 1784.
蔓胡颓子 man hu tui zi
Elaeagnus buisanensis Hayata; E. erosifolia Hayata; E. glabra subsp. oxyphylla Servettaz; E. glabra subsp. tenuiflora (Bentham) Servettaz; E. longidrupa Hayata; E. paucilepidota Hayata; E. tenuiflora Bentham.
Shrubs, evergreen. Young branches and buds with dense silvery brown scales. Petiole 7-10 mm; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 5-10 × 2-3 cm, papery, abaxially partially covered with brown or rarely silvery scales, lateral veins 6 or 7 per side of midrib, base obtuse or rounded, apex acute to obtuse or rounded. Inflorescence a short raceme in axils of mature leaves 2-8-flowered, or sometimes flowers solitary along long shoot. Pedicel 3-4 mm. Flowers silvery brown. Calyx tube 5-6 mm; lobes triangular-ovate, 2-3 mm. Filaments ca. 0.8 mm; anthers elliptic, 1.5-1.8 mm. Style glabrous; stigma ca. 3 mm, glandular-papillate. Drupe red-orange, broadly elliptic to elliptic, 1.4-1.8 cm. Seed 1.7-1.8 cm. Fl. Sep-Nov, fr. Apr-May.
Thickets; ca. 2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), S Korea].
Material from Japan, including the type, has longer pedicels, 4-7 mm, more reddish brown scales, and the leaf apex acute to acuminate or often caudate with an obtuse tip.