58. Elaeagnus magna (Servettaz) Rehder in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 2: 411. 1915.
银果牛奶子 yin guo niu nai zi
Elaeagnus umbellata Thunberg subsp. magna Servettaz, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383. 1908.
Shrubs, deciduous, erect, 1-3 m tall. Spines present; young branches, flower parts, and fruit densely silvery scaly. Petiole 4-8 mm, densely white scaly; leaf blade abaxially glossy and grayish white, adaxially drying brownish to olive-green, obovate-oblong or obovate-lanceolate, 4-10 × 1.5-3.7 cm, papery or membranous, abaxially with overlapping silvery and sometimes scattered yellowish scales, scales umbonate, shallowly lobed, margin fimbriate, adaxially with scattered silvery sessile scales, scales fimbriate, only slightly lobed, lateral veins 7-10 per side of midrib, base cuneate, margin entire, apex bluntly acute to acuminate. Flowers 1-3 at base of new grown shoots. Pedicel very short or absent at anthesis; fruiting pedicel erect, silvery, 4-6 mm (or nearly absent in gatherings from Jiangxi), thick. Flowers silvery white, densely scaly. Calyx tube tubular, 8-10 mm, abruptly constricted above ovary; lobes ovate or ovate-triangular, 3-4 mm, inside glabrous, apex acuminate. Filaments very short; anthers oblong, ca. 2 mm. Style erect, glabrous or with white stellate hairs; stigma oblique, 2-3 mm. Drupe pink-red, cylindric or narrowly elliptic to fusiform, 1.2-1.6 cm, scales similar to those of leaves but more shortly and coarsely fimbriate. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun.
● Sandy soil in mountains, by roads, forest margins, or river banks; 100-1200 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan.