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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Daucus

1. Daucus carota Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 242. 1753.

野胡萝卜 ye hu luo bo

Plants to 120 cm. Leaves oblong, 2–3-pinnate/pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate, 2–15 × 0.5–4 mm, glabrous to hispid especially on the veins and margins, acute, mucronate. Peduncles 10–55 cm, retrorsely hispid; bracts foliaceous, pinnate, rarely entire, lobes linear, 3–30 mm, margin scarious; rays 2–7.5 cm, unequal; bracteoles 5–7, linear, entire or 2–3-lobed, more or less scarious and ciliate, equaling or exceeding flowers. Petals white, sometimes yellow or pinkish. Fruit 3–4 × ca. 2 mm. Fl. May–Jul.

Mountain slopes, ruderal areas, also widely cultivated; 2000–3000 m. Anhui, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [N Africa, SW Asia, Europe; cultivated and adventive worldwide in temperate regions].

The fruit used for medicine (“hu luo bo”) and oil.

1 Taproot thickened, elongate terete or clavate, fleshy, reddish, reddish-yellow, or yellow (a carrot).   1b var. sativa
+ Taproot slender, branched, woody, not fleshy, usually brown.   1a var. carota

Lower Taxa


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