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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Sanicula

14. Sanicula chinensis Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 2: 106. 1835.

变豆菜 bian dou cai

Sanicula europaea Linnaeus subsp. chinensis (Bunge) Hultén; S. europaea var. chinensis (Bunge) Diels.

Plants up to 1 m high. Stem erect, branched above. Basal leaves few; petioles 7–30 cm, sheaths scarious; blade suborbicular or round-reniform, 3–5-parted, abaxially pale green, irregularly doubly serrate, teeth mucronate; central segment obovate, 3–10 × 4–13 cm, base cuneate; lateral segments divided to near base. Cauline leaves reduced upward, subsessile; blade 3-parted. Inflorescence usually trichotomously branched, terminal branch short, the lateral branches elongate; bracts foliaceous, 3-lobed; bracteoles 8–10, linear, 1.5–2 × ca. 1 mm; umbellules 6–10-flowered. Staminate flowers 3–7 per umbellule; pedicels 1–1.5 mm; petals white, obovate. Fertile flowers 3 or 4 per umbellule, sessile, slightly longer than the staminate; calyx teeth linear, ca. 1.2 × 0.5 mm; style nearly equaling calyx teeth. Fruit ovoid-globose, 4–5 × 3–4 mm, calyx teeth rostrate, persistent, bristles uncinate above, dilated at base; vittae 5, moderate, commissural vittae 2, larger. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.

Mixed forests, stream banks, roadsides on shady slopes; 200–2300 m. Widely distributed in China [N Japan, Korea, Russia (E Siberia)].

This species has reputed medicinal value.


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