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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Torilis

1. Torilis japonica (Houttuyn) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 219. 1830.

小窃衣 xiao qie yi

Caucalis japonica Houttuyn, Nat. Hist. 2(8): 42. 1777; Anthriscus vulgaris Bernhardi; C. anthriscus (Linnaeus) Hudson; C. coniifolia Wallich ex de Candolle; C. elata D. Don; C. praetermissa (Hance) Franchet; Tordylium anthriscus Linnaeus; Torilis anthriscus (Linnaeus) C. C. Gmelin (1805), not (Linnaeus) Gaertner (1788); T. anthriscus var. japonica (Houttuyn) H. de Boissieu; T. praetermissa Hance.

Chaerophyllum scabrum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 289. 1784; Anthriscus scabra (Thunberg) Koso-Poljansky; Caucalis scabra (Thunberg) Makino; Torilis henryi C. Norman.

Herbs 20–120 cm tall. Basal and lower cauline leaves petiolate; petiole 2–7 cm; blade triangular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, up to 20 × 17 cm; pinnae ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 × 1–2.5 cm. Peduncles 3–25 cm, retrorse hispid; bracts few, linear; rays 4–12, 1–3 cm spreading, bristly; bracteoles 5–8, linear or subulate, 1.5–7 × 0.5–1.5 mm; umbellules 4–12-flowered. Pedicels 1–4 mm, shorter than bracteoles. Calyx teeth small, deltoid-lanceolate. Fruit often blackish purple when mature, globose-ovoid, 1.5–5 × 1–2.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.

Mixed forests in valleys, grassy places, especially in disturbed areas; 100–3800 m. Throughout China, except Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, and Xinjiang [widespread as a ruderal in Asia and Europe].

The roots and fruits are used medicinally in some provinces.


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