1. Aucuba chinensis Bentham, Fl. Hongk. 138. 1861.
桃叶珊瑚 tao ye shan hu
Trees or shrubs, 3–6(–12) m tall; branches green, dichotomous, stout, smooth. Petiole 2–4 cm, stout, smooth; leaf blade abaxially light green, adaxially deep green, elliptic to broadly elliptic, rarely obovate-elliptic or linear-lanceolate, 7–25 × 1.5–8 cm, leathery or thickly leathery, midvein raised abaxially, conspicuous adaxially; lateral veins 6–8(–10) pairs, sometimes emerging at right angle from midvein, base broadly cuneate or cuneate, slightly oblique, margin slightly revolute, often serrate or glandular dentate with 5–8 teeth, apex acute or cuspidate. Staminate inflorescences loosely paniculate, 5–13 cm; branches densely pubescent. Carpellate inflorescence shortly paniculate, shorter than staminate, 2.5–5 cm; branches densely pubescent. Staminate flowers: calyx 4-dentate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; petals 4, green (in Feb), yellow, or purplish red, oblong or ovate, 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm, apex cuspidate, rolled outward; stamens 4, ca. 3 mm, surrounding disk, anthers yellow, locules 2; disk fleshy, slightly 4-angled; pedicel ca. 3 mm, pubescent; bracteole 1, lanceolate, ca. 3 mm. Carpellate flowers yellow green or yellowish; calyx and petals similar to staminate flowers, but apex of petals acute; ovary cylindrical; style stout; stigma capitate, slightly leaning to one side; disk fleshy, slightly 4-lobed; bracteoles at base of pedicel 2, lanceolate, 4–6 mm. Fruit bright red or dark red, cylindrical or ovoid, 1.4–1.8 cm, 8–10(–12) mm in diam. Fl. Jan–Feb, fr. Feb, often with fruit from preceding two years. 2n = 16.
Forests; 300–1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Myanmar, N Vietnam].