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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Oleaceae | Olea

2. Olea europaea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 8. 1753.

油橄榄 mu xi lan

Trees or shrubs to 10 m, evergreen. Branchlets angular, along with petiole and leaf blade densely silvery-gray or rusty lepidote. Petiole 2-5 mm; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate to elliptic, rarely narrowly ovate, 1.5-10 × 0.5-2 cm, leathery, glabrous, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate and mucronate to cuspidate; primary veins 5-11 on each side of midrib, obscure, somewhat raised adaxially. Panicles axillary or terminal, 2-4 cm. Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual, subsessile. Calyx 1-1.5 mm. Corolla white, 2.5-4 mm; tube ca. 1 mm; lobes elliptic-oblong, involute, 1.5-3 mm. Drupe ellipsoid or subglobose, 0.7-4 cm. 2n = 46.

Widely cultivated in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang. Probably originating in the Mediterranean region or SW Asia.

The fruit are used for oil and food.

1 Abaxial surface of leaf blade silvery-gray lepidote; fruit large, 2-4 cm, mesocarp thick, fleshy   2a subsp. europaea
+ Abaxial surface of leaf blade somewhat rusty lepidote; fruit small, 7-9 mm, mesocarp somewhat fleshy but thin   2b subsp. cuspidata

Lower Taxa


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