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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

56. Gentiana helophila I. B. Balfour & Forrest in C. Marquand, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1928: 60. 1928.

喜湿龙胆 xi shi long dan

Perennials 6-12 cm tall. Stems ascending, usually short branched, glabrous. Basal rosette leaves poorly developed; leaf blade lanceolate, 2-3 cm × 1-2 mm, base connate for 2-4 mm, margin scabrous, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Stem leaves larger and more crowded toward apex, uppermost surrounding calyx; leaf blade base connate for 2-3 mm, margin scabrous, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Lower stem leaves ovate-lanceolate, 5-7 × 1.5-2 mm; middle to upper leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 2.5-4 cm × 1-2 mm. Flowers terminal, solitary, sessile. Calyx tube narrowly obconic, 1.5-1.8 cm; lobes green, linear to linear-lanceolate, 1.3-1.5 cm, margin scabrous, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Corolla blue-purple, with pale yellow-white base, with blue streaks and indistinct spots, narrowly obconic, 7-7.5 cm; lobes ovate-triangular, 8-9 mm, margin entire, apex acute; plicae triangular, 2.5-3 mm, margin entire, apex acute. Stamens inserted at basal part of corolla tube; filaments 1.2-1.4 cm; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, 3-3.5 mm. Ovary ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.5-1.7 cm; gynophore 2.7-3 cm. Style 4-5 mm; stigma lobes oblong. Fl. Aug-Nov.

* Wet meadows; ca. 3100 m. NW Yunnan.


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