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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

33. Gentiana melandriifolia Franchet in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 129. 1890.

女娄菜叶龙胆 nu lou cai ye long dan

Perennials 5-7 cm tall. Vegetative stems usually prolonged; flowering stems simple, ascending, apically papillate, basally prostrate, producing a basal rosette. Leaf blade oblong, ovate-oblong, elliptic, ovate, or obovate, base abruptly narrowed, margin slightly revolute, apex obtuse, veins 1-3. Basal rosette leaves well developed; petiole 0.8-2 cm, slender; leaf blade 1.4-3.2 × 0.6-1.8 cm. Stem leaves 4 or 5 pairs, distinctly larger toward apex, crowded close to calyx; petiole 5-10 mm, slender; leaf blade 7-13 × 3-10 mm. Inflorescences terminal, 1-3-flowered. Flowers sessile. Calyx obconic, 1.2-1.5 cm, tube membranous; lobes narrowly triangular, 3-5 mm, equal, margin membranous, apex acute, midvein distinct. Corolla pale blue, with dark blue spots in throat, funnelform, 3.2-4.5 cm; lobes ovate, 4.5-5.5 mm, margin entire or denticulate, apex acute; plicae ovate, 1-1.5 mm, oblique, margin denticulate, apex obtuse. Stamens inserted at basal part of corolla tube; filaments 1.1-1.5 cm; anthers ellipsoid, 1.2-1.5 mm. Style 5-6 mm; stigma lobes linear. Capsules ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 1-1.2 cm; gynophore to 1.7 cm. Seeds light brown, subglobose, 0.7-0.9 mm. Fl. and fr. May-Oct.

* Rocky slopes; 2200-3000 m. C and NW Yunnan.


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