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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

168. Gentiana pedicellata (Wallich ex D. Don) Grisebach, Gen. Sp. Gent. 273. 1838.

糙毛龙胆 cao mao long dan

Ericala pedicellata Wallich ex D. Don, London Edinburgh Philos. Mag. & J. Sci. 8: 76. 1836; E. procumbens D. Don ex G. Don; Gentiana pedicellata var. wallichii Kusnezow; G. quadrifaria Blume var. pilosula C. B. Clarke.

Annuals 3-10 cm tall. Stems ascending to erect, branched from base, densely papillate. Basal leaves withered at anthesis; petiole 0.5-1.5 mm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 1-2 cm × 4-6 mm, densely and minutely papillate but especially adaxially, base narrowed, apex acuminate to obtuse and apiculate, veins 1-3. Stem leaves with petiole tube 1-1.5 mm, densely papillate on margin and abaxially; leaf blade linear-elliptic, lanceolate, or occasionally oblanceolate, 5-10 × 1.5-2 mm, densely and minutely papillate but especially adaxially, base obtuse, apex acuminate and apiculate, veins 1-3. Pedicel purple, 2-15 mm, densely papillate. Calyx tubular, 3-5 mm; lobes spreading, recurved, or rarely erect, ovate-elliptic to ovate, 1.2-1.5 mm, outside densely and minutely papillate, base not or slightly narrowed, apex obtuse and cuspidate, midvein prominent. Corolla outside pale yellow-green, inside blue to blue-purple with yellow to orange throat, tubular to funnelform, 6-10 mm, twice as long as calyx; lobes ovate, 1.5-2 mm, margin entire, apex obtuse and mucronate; plicae broadly ovate, 0.9-1.1 mm, margin denticulate, apex obtuse to rounded. Stamens inserted just below middle of corolla tube, equal; filaments 2.5-3 mm; anthers ellipsoid, 0.7-1 mm. Style 1-1.5 mm; stigma lobes narrowly oblong. Capsules narrowly obovoid to obovoid, 2-3 mm; gynophore to 2 cm, stout. Seeds dark brown, ellipsoid to ovoid, 0.5-0.8 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr-Jul.

Bogs, clearings in forests, meadow and roadside slopes, wastelands; 2100-3400 m. SW Xizang, W Yunnan [Bhutan, NW and E India, N Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim].


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