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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

63. Gentiana phyllopoda H. Léveillé, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 25: 21. 1915.

叶柄龙胆 ye bing long dan

Perennials 20-30 cm tall. Rhizomes to 15 cm. Stems 1-3, erect, simple, glabrous. Basal leaves in 1-4 erect rosettes; petiole 3-6 cm, membranous; leaf blade linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, 3.5-8.5 × 0.8-1.5 cm, base narrowed, apex acuminate to obtuse, veins 3 and abaxially distinct. Stem leaves 2 or 3 pairs; petiole to 2 cm, shorter or absent toward apex; leaf blade narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to elliptic, 3.5-5 × 0.7-1.3 cm, base narrowed, apex acuminate to obtuse, veins 1-3. Inflorescences terminal clusters, sometimes also in axillary whorls. Flowers sessile. Calyx narrowly obconic, 0.8-1.2 cm, outside papillate; tube spathelike, split on 1 side; lobes spreading to reflexed, subulate, 1-1.5 mm, apex acute. Corolla pale yellow, with distinct dark blue spots, tubular to tubular-funnelform, 2.5-3 cm; lobes broadly ovate, 3-4 mm, margin entire, apex rounded; plicae triangular to obliquely truncate, 1-1.5 mm, margin denticulate, apex obtuse. Stamens inserted at basal part of corolla tube; filaments 1-1.2 cm; anthers ellipsoid, 1.5-2 mm. Style 1.5-2 mm; stigma lobes semiorbicular. Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, 1-1.2 cm; gynophore 1-1.2 cm. Seeds light brown, ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 1-1.2 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Aug.

* Alpine meadows; 2600-3800 m. SW Sichuan, NE Yunnan.


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