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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

81. Gentiana sikkimensis C. B. Clarke in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 4: 114. 1883.

锡金龙胆 xi jin long dan

Gentiana pseudosikkimensis C. Marquand ex Wilkie.

Perennials 3-10 cm tall. Stolons usually 10-15 cm, much branched. Stems ascending to erect, simple, glabrous. Leaf blade base narrowed, margin smooth or ciliolate, apex rounded, vein distinct abaxially. Basal leaves usually withered at anthesis, leaf blade suborbicular, 6-10 mm. Stem leaves mostly crowded around flowers; petiole 4-13 × 2-4.5 mm, slightly shorter to longer than leaf blade, conspicuously broadened toward stem apex; leaf blade oblong to spatulate, 0.6-1.6 cm × 3.5-8 mm. Inflorescences 3-8-flowered. Calyx tube 6-8 mm, membranous; lobes linear to linear-lanceolate, 1.5-4(-5) mm, unequal, herbaceous, 1-veined, margin smooth or ciliolate, apex acute. Corolla blue, with dark blue streaks, tubular, 2-2.5 cm; lobes ovate, 2.8-3.2 mm, margin entire, apex obtuse; plicae obliquely triangular to truncate, 0.5-1 mm, margin entire or denticulate. Stamens inserted at middle of corolla tube; filaments 5-8 mm; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, 1.5-2 mm. Style 1.5-2 mm; stigma lobes oblong. Capsules ellipsoid, 1-1.2 cm; gynophore to 1.2 cm. Seeds light brown, ellipsoid to subglobose, 0.6-1 mm; seed coat with spongy complex pits. Fl. and fr. Aug-Nov.

Grassland slopes, scrub, forest margins, forests; 2700-5000 m. S and SE Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, E and NW India, NE Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim].


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