1. Colquhounia coccinea Wallich, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 13: 609. 1822.
深红火把花 shen hong huo ba hua
Shrubs 1-2(-4.5) m tall, erect or pendent; branches rust colored tomentose. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 7-11 × 2.5-4.5 cm, gradually reduced toward apex, papery, rust colored stellate tomentose, base rounded, margin crenulate, apex acuminate. Verticillasters 6-20-flowered, in fascicled, capitate, or elongated inflorescences on lateral branches, ± stellate hairy, surrounded by bracteoles; floral leaves similar to stem leaves. Pedicel less than 1 mm. Calyx ca. 6 mm, stellate hairy, inconspicuously 10-veined; teeth straight, broadly triangular, ca. 1 mm. Corolla orange-red to scarlet, 2-2.5 cm, sparsely stellate hairy; tube 1.7-2.3 cm, curved outward, mouth dilated; upper lip ovate, slightly 2-lobed, slightly galeate; lower lip spreading, lobes ovate. Ovary glandular. Nutlets oblanceolate. Fl. Aug-Nov(-Dec), fr. Nov-Jan.
Stony, grassy hillsides, thickets, rarely forests; 1400-3000 m. Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].