92. Scutellaria prostrata Jacquemont ex Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 733. 1835.
平卧黄芩 ping wo huang qin
Herbs perennial. Rhizomes woody. Stems few, ca. 10 cm tall, ascending, sparsely puberulent. Leaves subsessile upward, narrowly ovate, 1.5-1.7 cm × 7-9 mm, adaxially sparsely puberulent, abaxially subglabrous and glandular, base cuneate, margin remotely serrate, apex acuminate. Verticillasters numerous, crowded in terminal spikes ca. 6 cm; floral leaves broadly ovate, papery, densely pilose, long ciliate, margin subentire to slightly 1- or 2-serrate, apex acuminate. Pedicel ca. 3 mm, densely pilose. Calyx ca. 2 mm, pubescent outside; scutellum to 3 mm. Corolla yellowish, purplish on upper lip and lateral lobes of lower lip, purple spotted on middle lobe of lower lip, ca. 3 cm; tube pubescent outside, glabrous inside, slightly bent in front at base, ca. 3 mm wide at middle, gradually dilated to 5 mm wide at throat; middle lobe of lower lip subcircular, puberulent outside, glabrous inside, apex emarginate; lateral lobes near upper lip. Nutlets unknown.
Slopes. Xinjiang (Kashi Shi) [India]
Kamelin (in litt.) believes that the taxon described here should be called Scutellaria grandiflora Sims (Bot. Mag. 17: t. 635. 1803). Plants from Kashi, Xinjiang, with subentire to 1- to 2-serrate bracts and less hairy leaves differ somewhat from the original description. They may represent a local variant of the species.