All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 18 Page 36 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae | Lindernia

23. Lindernia antipoda (Linnaeus) Alston in Trimen, Hand. Fl. Ceylon. 6(suppl.): 24. 1931.

泥花草 ni hua mu cao

Ruellia antipoda Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 635. 1753; Bonnaya antipoda (Linnaeus) Druce; B. veronicifolia (Retzius) Sprengel; Gratiola veronicifolia Retzius; Ilysanthes antipoda (Linnaeus) Merrill; Lindernia veronicifolia (Retzius) F. Mueller; Vandellia veronicifolia (Retzius) Haines.

Annuals to 30 cm tall. Roots fibrous, fascicled. Stems suberect or prostrate basally and rooting from lower nodes then ascending, many branched, channeled, glabrous. Petiole short and wide; leaf blade oblong, oblong-lanceolate, oblong-oblanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, 0.8-4 X 0.6-2 cm, glabrous, base cuneate and decurrent, margin obscurely to sharply serrate or subentire, apex acute to rounded. Racemes terminal, to 15 cm, 2-20-flowered; bracts subulate. Pedicel to 1.5 cm, ascending, spreading, to deflexed in fruit. Calyx lobed to base; lobes lanceolate, hispidulous along midrib and edges. Corolla purple, purplish white, or white, to 1 cm; tube to 7 mm; lower lip 3-lobed, lobes subequal; upper lip 2-lobed. Fertile stamens 2, posterior; filaments unapendaged. Reduced stamens 2, anterior; filaments slightly curved, glandular. Stigma lamellate. Capsule cylindric, 2 X or more as long as persistent calyx. Seeds brown, irregularly triangular-ovoid; seed coat reticulate. Fl. and fr. spring-autumn.

Rice fields, wet grassland; below 1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific Islands].

Used medicinally.

According to T. Yamazaki (Fl. Thailand 5(2): 198. 1990) Lindernia viaticaLinderniaviatica (Kerr ex Barnett) Philcox occurs in Taiwan. It closely resembles L. antipoda, but we have not seen any specimens from Taiwan.


Flora of China @
Browse by
Advanced Search

Flora of China Home




 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |