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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae | Melampyrum

1. Melampyrum roseum Maximowicz, Prim. Fl. Amur. 210. 1859.

山罗花 shan luo hua

Annuals, 15-80 cm tall, entirely sparsely with scaly short hairs. Stems erect, subquadrangular, branched or rarely simple, sometimes pubescent with multicellular hairs along 2 lines. Petiole ca. 5 mm; leaf blade linear, linear-lanceolate, elliptic, ovate-elliptic, or narrowly ovate, base rounded to cuneate, apex acuminate to sometimes obtuse. Bracts lanceolate to ovate with pointed teeth at base or whole margin with setoselike teeth, apex acute to acuminate. Calyx ca. 4 mm, often scabrous, often with multicellular hairs along veins; lobes narrowly triangular to subulate-triangular, short ciliate. Corolla purple, purple-red, or red, with white on sides, 1.5-2 cm; tube ca. 2 X as long as limb; galea densely barbate inside. Capsule ovoid, 8-10 mm, scaly hairy or rarely glabrous, apex truncate to oblique. Seeds black, ca. 3 mm. Fl. summer-autumn.

Thickets on slopes, among high grasses; below 1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong (Lianxian), Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia (Far East)].

1 Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate; bracts lanceolate   1b var. setaceum
+ Leaves lanceolate, elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, or narrowly ovate; bracts ovate to ovate-lanceolate.   (2)
2 (1) Leaf apex obtuse; bract apex obtuse to acute, margin often with short awn-shaped teeth   1d var. obtusifolium
+ Leaf apex acuminate; bract apex acute to narrowly acuminate, margin with long setoselike teeth, sometimes with pointed teeth near base.   (3)
3 (2) Leaves narrowly ovate; calyx lobes narrowly acuminate to caudate   1c var. ovalifolium
+ Leaves lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate; calyx lobes narrowly triangular to subulate-triangular   1a var. roseum

Lower Taxa


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