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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Bignoniaceae | Mayodendron

1. Mayodendron igneum (Kurz) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Forest Veg. Pegu, App. D. t. 1. 1875.

火烧花 huo shao hua

Spathodea igneum Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42(2): 77. 1871; Radermachera ignea (Kurz) Steenis.

Trees evergreen, ca. 15 m tall, 15-20 cm in diam. Bark smooth. Young branches white lenticellate. Leaves 2-pinnately compound, ca. 60 cm; leaf axis terete, striate; petiolule of lateral leaflets ca. 5 mm, that of terminal leaflet ca. 3 cm; leaflets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 8-12 X 2.5-4 cm, glabrous, base broadly cuneate, oblique, margin entire, apex long acuminate; lateral veins 5 or 6 on each side of midrib. Inflorescences short racemose, borne on old stems or short lateral branches, 5-13-flowered; peduncle 2-4 cm. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Calyx tubular, spathelike, ca. 10 X 7 mm, puberulent abaxially. Corolla orange-yellow to golden yellow, tubular, 6-7 X 1.5-1.8 cm; lobes semirounded, ca. 5 mm, reflexed. Stamens subequal; filaments ca. 4.5 cm, puberulent at base; anthers connective elongated into a mucro. Style ca. 6 cm; stigma 2-lobed. Capsule long linear, nodding, ca. 45 cm X 7 mm; valves thin leathery; septum narrow, terete, woody. Seeds ovoid, thin membranous, including wings 1.3-1.6 cm. Fl. Feb-May, fr. May-Sep.

Slopes and forests; 100-1900 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, S Yunnan [Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].


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