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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Rubiaceae | Antirhea

1. Antirhea chinensis (Champion ex Bentham) Bentham & J. D. Hooker ex F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 384. 1888.

毛茶 mao cha

Guettardella chinensis Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 197. 1852.

Shrubs, erect, 1-2(-4) m tall; branches subterete to somewhat flattened, moderately to densely strigose, strigillose, or tomentulose, often with trichomes of 2 lengths, occasionally becoming glabrescent, often markedly sylleptic from nodes below leaves with markedly elongated lowermost internode. Petiole 4-10 mm, densely strigose to tomentulose; leaf blade drying papery, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate, oblanceolate, elliptic, or narrowly elliptic, 3-7(-9) × 1-2.5(-3) cm, adaxially glabrous or sparsely strigillose, abaxially densely sericeous to strigillose, base cuneate to acute, margin flat to thinly revolute, apex acuminate; secondary veins 4-6 pairs, usually with well-developed pilosulous domatia; stipules usually persisting with leaves, triangular to narrowly triangular, 2.5-6 mm, abaxially strigose or strigillose to glabrescent, adaxially densely sericeous, acuminate. Inflorescences cymose, dichotomous or with higher order axes often scorpioid, staminate several flowered, pistillate few to several flowered, sericeous to strigillose; peduncles 1-3 cm; branched portion 1-3 × 1-3 cm; bracts linear to subulate, 1.5-4 mm. Calyx densely sericeous; ovary portion ellipsoid to obconic, 0.5-1 mm; limb deeply lobed, tubular part 0.3-0.5 mm; lobes linear or lanceolate, 0.5-1.5 mm, often unequal. Corolla yellow, outside, densely sericeous; staminate tube 6-9 mm, pistillate 3-6 mm, inside glabrous or sparsely sericeous in lower portion; lobes ovate, 1-2 mm, obtuse. Drupe ellipsoid-oblong or ellipsoid, 5-7 × 3-4 mm, sparsely strigose; pyrene 2-5-celled, angled to ridged. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Oct-Nov.

● Forests, thickets; 100-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan.


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