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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Caprifoliaceae | Lonicera

12. Lonicera ligustrina Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 179. 1824.

女贞叶忍冬 nü zhen ye ren dong

Shrubs, evergreen, semievergreen, or deciduous, 1.5-2.5(-5) m tall. Winter buds with several pairs of acute scales. Young branches with stiff and upwardly curved hairs. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, 0.4-8 × 0.2-1.5 cm, leathery or papery, abaxially sometimes with minute black glands, adaxially usually shiny, glabrous or with sparse short hairs and reddish glandular hairs, midvein slightly impressed, flat or raised, sometimes stiffly hairy, base rounded to cuneate, apex acuminate to obtuse, sometimes mucronate. Inflorescences axillary, paired flowers; peduncle to 5 mm, pubescent; bracts lanceolate, 1.5-7 mm; bracteoles cupular, completely enclosing paired ovaries, sparsely glandular hairy. Neighboring 2 ovaries free. Calyx cupular, forming a collarlike emergence at base, overlapping apex of bracteoles; lobes ovate, glandular ciliate, apex obtuse. Corolla greenish yellow to white or occasionally purple-red, funnelform, 4-12 mm; tube shallowly gibbous at base, inside villous, outside glandular; lobes almost regular, ovate, 1-2 mm, apex obtuse. Anthers exserted. Style exserted, villous at base; stigmas capitate, hemispherical. Fruit purple, red, or white, ± translucent, globose, 4-8 mm in diam.; seeds brownish, ovoid or subglobose, sometimes compressed, 1-2 mm, smooth. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Aug-Dec. 2n = 18, 22.

Scrub, evergreen broad-leaved forests, sandy slopes along watersides, moist places in sparse forests; 300-3000 m. S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal].

1 Leaves with midvein raised adaxially, glabrous or sparsely hairy; berry purple or white.   12c var. pileata
+ Leaves with midvein slightly impressed or flat adaxially, often stiffly hairy; berry purple or red   (2)
2 (1) Leaves (0.5-)1-4(-8) cm, adaxially densely stiffly hairy on midvein, apex usually acuminate or mucronate; corolla 7.5-12 mm.   12a var. ligustrina
+ Leaves 0.4-1(-1.5) cm, apex usually rounded or obtuse, adaxially glabrous or sparsely stiffly hairy on midvein; corolla 4-7 mm.   12b var. yunnanensis

Lower Taxa


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