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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Caprifoliaceae | Lonicera

30. Lonicera modesta Rehder in Sargent, Trees & Shrubs. 2: 49. 1907.

下江忍冬 xia jiang ren dong

Lonicera graebneri Rehder; L. modesta var. lushanensis Rehder.

Shrubs, deciduous, to 2 m tall. Winter buds with ca. 5 pairs of outer acute, keeled scales; inner scales sometimes accrescent and enlarged. Branches, petioles, and peduncles densely pubescent or glabrous. Petiole 2-5 mm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong, broadly ovate, obovate, or rhombic, 2-8 × 1.5-6 cm, abaxially pubescent, glabrous or sparsely pubescent only on veins, adaxially glabrous or pubescent often only on midvein and lateral veins, base cuneate to rounded, margin ciliate, apex obtuse, mucronate, or slightly emarginate. Inflorescences axillary, paired flowers; peduncle 1-7 mm; bracts subulate, 2-3 mm, ciliate; bracteoles fused into a cupule, ca. 1/3 as long as ovaries, ciliate, with sparse glands. Neighboring 2 ovaries half to completely fused. Calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm, ciliate, sometimes with sparse glands. Corolla bilabiate, white, base reddish, later yellow, 1-1.2 cm, outside sparsely pubescent or subglabrous; tube ca. 5 mm, shallowly gibbous at base, inside densely hairy; upper lip 4-lobed, lobes 2-3 mm; lower lip recurved. Stamens and style exserted from corolla tube; filaments glabrous or hairy at base. Style hairy throughout. Berries turning from orange-red to red, 7-8 mm in diam.; seeds 1-4, yellowish brown, slightly compressed, ovoid or oblong, 4-6 mm, minutely granular-raised and coarse. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Oct.

● Mixed forests, scrub; 500-1700 m. Anhui, ?Fujian, SE Gansu, W Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Zhejiang.

31-33. Lonicera nigra species complex

1 Leaf blade usually obovate, 1-2.5 × 0.7-1.8 cm, abaxially often pruinose, apex retuse to obtuse; ovaries completely fused or sometimes free in upper part; corolla white with reddish base, later yellow.   33 L. retusa
+ Leaf blade oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 1.5-10 × 1-3 cm, glabrous throughout but abaxially often white hairy on midvein; ovaries free or fused only at base   (2)
2 (1) Corolla purplish or purple-red.   31 L. nigra
+ Corolla white, later yellow.   32 L. nervosa


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