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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Cucurbitaceae | Trichosanthes

26. Trichosanthes tricuspidata Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 589. 1790.

三尖栝楼 san jian gua lou

Modecca bracteata Lamarck; Trichosanthes bracteata (Lamarck) Voigt.

Stems robust, branched, angular-striate, grooved, glabrous. Petiole ca. 5 cm, striate, glabrous, punctate; leaf blade adaxially deep green, broadly ovate-cordate, 12-13 × 12-13 cm, thinly leathery, shortly 3-lobed; lobes ovate-triangular, abaxially glabrous, adaxially hispidulous or punctate, margin undulate-denticulate, apex acute or shortly acuminate. Male raceme 12-15 cm; peduncle stout, striate and grooved, glabrous; pedicel short; bracts obovate-oblong, ca. 4 × 2-2.5 cm, cucullate, both surfaces white squamose or pubescent, margin dentate, apex obtuse; calyx tube narrowly funnelform, ca. 6 × 1 cm; segments narrowly lanceolate, ca. 1 × 0.3 cm. Female flowers and fruit not seen.

Thickets on mountain slopes; ca. 900 m. Guizhou [Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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