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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Acrachne

1. Acrachne racemosa (B. Heyne ex Roemer & Schultes) Ohwi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 1. 1947.

尖稃草 jian fu cao

Eleusine racemosa B. Heyne ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 583. 1817; Acrachne verticillata (Roxburgh) Wight & Arnott ex Chiovenda; Eleusine verticillata Roxburgh; Lepto-chloa racemosa (B. Heyne ex Roemer & Schultes) Kunth; Sclero-dactylon micrandrum P. C. Keng & L. Liu.

Culms tufted, erect or geniculately ascending, 8–50 cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous, compressed; leaf blades narrowly lanceolate, 7–20 × 0.3–1 cm, soft, adaxial surface tuberculate-pilose at base, tapering to a setaceous apex. Inflorescence subdigitate or racemes arranged along a central axis up to 15 cm; racemes mainly grouped in pseudo-whorls or pairs, 4–12 cm, ascending. Spikelets densely imbricate, oblong with serrate outline, 6–10 mm, florets 6–20, stramineous at maturity; glumes papery-membranous; lower glume narrowly oblong, 1.2–3 mm, apex acute, mucronate; upper glume lanceolate, 1.5–3 mm, acuminate, awn-pointed; lemmas broadly ovate, 2–3 mm, keel scabrid, shallowly concave above middle and excurrent into a stout 0.5–1 mm awn-point, lateral veins also fractionally excurrent. Grain blackish, rugose, surface finely granular. Fl. and fr. autumn. 2n = 36.

Field margins, river banks; 300–900 m. Hainan, Yunnan [Afghanistan, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, SW Asia (S Arabia), N Australia, Pacific Islands; introduced in the West Indies].

This species is a good forage grass.


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