1. Brachiaria mutica (Forsskål) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa. 9: 526. 1919.
巴拉草 ba la cao
Panicum muticum Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 20. 1775; Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard; P. barbinode Trinius; P. purpurascens Raddi; Urochloa mutica (Forsskål) T. G. Nguyen.
Robust perennial. Culms stout, trailing and rooting freely from lower nodes, ascending to 2 m, 5–8 mm in diam., nodes densely villous. Leaf sheaths villous or glabrous; leaf blades broadly linear, 10–30 × 1–2 cm, thinly pilose or subglabrous; ligule membranous, 1–1.3 mm. Inflorescence axis 7–20 cm; racemes 10–20, 5–15 cm, single, paired or grouped; rachis narrow, winged, scabrous; spikelets paired or single in upper part of raceme, in untidy rows or sometimes on short secondary branchlets in lower part of raceme; pedicels usually setose. Spikelets elliptic, green or purplish, 2.5–3.5 mm, glabrous, acute; lower glume triangular, 1/4–1/3 spikelet length, 1-veined; upper glume 5-veined; upper lemma rugulose, apex obtuse. Fl. and fr. Aug–Nov.
Forming a dense cover along streams and in other wet places, sometimes forming floating rafts. Fujian, Hong Kong, cultivated in Taiwan [tropical Africa and America].
This is a forage grass (Para Grass) widely cultivated in tropical regions of the world and often found as a naturalized escape. Its country of origin is unknown.