All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 22 Page 489, 490 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Chloris

4. Chloris barbata Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occid. 1: 200. 1797.

孟仁草 meng ren cao

Andropogon barbatus Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 302. 1771, not Linnaeus (1759); Chloris inflata Link.

Annual or short-lived perennial. Culms loosely tufted, ascending or decumbent at base and rooting at lower nodes, 0.2–1 m tall. Leaf sheaths keeled, glabrous; leaf blades flat or folded, 10–40 cm, 4–8 mm wide, glabrous, apex acute; ligule short, ciliate. Racemes digitate, 5–15, erect or ascending, 3–8 cm, often somewhat flexuous and purplish; rachis scabrous. Spikelets with 3 or 4 florets, 3(–4)-awned; lower glume 1.2–1.5 mm; upper glume 1.7–2.5 mm, shortly mucronate; lemma of fertile floret elliptic in side view, 1.7–2.5 mm, pilose on keel, ciliate on upper margins with 1–1.5 mm hairs; awn 4.5–7 mm; upper florets sterile, lemmas empty, inflated, overlapping to form a knob at side of fertile floret; second lemma turbinate, truncate, 1–1.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely appressed-pilose on back, awn subequaling awn of fertile floret; third (and fourth) lemmas orbicular, awn somewhat shorter. Fl. and fr. Apr–May. 2n = 20, 40.

Sea coasts, offshore islands. Guangdong, Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, America, Australia, Pacific Islands].

This is a widespread species from tropical to warm-temperate regions of the world, found in weedy or disturbed places. It is tolerant of high salt concentrations. When young this grass is favored by cattle.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Gramineae (Poaceae) in Flora of Taiwan  
  • leaf cs section (cs kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG
  • UV fluorescence of leaf cross section (JW Lin)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
  • Image/GIF

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |