32. Eragrostis japonica (Thunberg) Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 1: 405. 1831.
乱草 luan cao
Poa japonica Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 114. 1784.
Annual. Culms erect, or geniculate at base, 30–100 cm tall, 1.5–2.5 mm in diam., 3–4-noded. Leaf sheaths usually loose, longer than internodes, glabrous; ligules scarious, ca. 0.5 mm, fimbriate at apex, pubescent on back; leaf blades flat, 3–25 × 0.3–0.5 cm, smooth and glabrous. Panicle elongated, 6–34 × 1.5–6 cm; branches slender, clustered or verticillate, glabrous in axils. Spikelets usually purplish at maturity, ovate, 1–2 mm, 4–8-flowered; rachilla distarticulating between florets from top downward at maturity. Glumes chartaceous, ovate-lanceolate, subequal, 0.6–0.8 mm, 1-veined, apex obtuse. Lemmas chartaceous, broadly elliptical, distinctly 3-veined, apex obtuse, lower lemma ca. 1 mm. Palea subequal to lemma, along 2 keels ciliolate. Stamens 2; anthers ca. 0.2 mm. Caryopsis red-brown, ovoid, 0.4–0.5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Nov.
Fields, roadsides, stream banks. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].