4. Setaria intermedia Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 489. 1817.
间序狗尾草 jian xu gou wei cao
Panicum tomentosum Roxburgh; Setaria tomentosa (Roxburgh) Kunth.
Annual. Culms slender, geniculate at base and rooting from nodes, up to 60 cm tall, glabrous. Leaf sheaths usually loose, lower glabrous and smooth, upper papillose-pilose, margins densely ciliolate especially at mouth; leaf blades broadly linear, thin, 10–35 × 0.6–1 cm, papillose-hispid along the main veins, apex acuminate; ligule densely ciliate. Panicle contracted, narrowly lanceolate, 10–17 × 1–1.5 cm, lowest branches 1.5–2 cm, spikelets subtended by 1–2(–3 or more) bristles; axis scaberulous to puberulous; bristles 3–10 mm, stiff. Spikelets elliptic-ovate, 1.5–2 mm, acute; glumes thin, submembranous; lower glume broadly ovate, 1/3–1/2 as long as spikelet, obtuse or acute; upper glume 1/2–2/3 as long as spikelet, 5-veined; lower floret neuter; lower palea almost as long as lemma; upper lemma orange-brown at maturity, dorsally strongly convex, rugose. Fl. and fr. Jul.
Roadsides, fields. Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Japan, Myanmar, Russia, Sri Lanka; E Africa].
This weedy annual is recognized by its sprawling, tufted habit and coarsely rugose, orange-brown fertile floret. The spikelets are usually subtended only by a single bristle, but there are many aborted spikelets in the panicle, giving the appearance of more bristles below each fully developed spikelet.