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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Stemonaceae | Stemona

2. Stemona japonica (Blume) Miquel, Prolus. Fl. Jap. 386. 1867.

百部 bai bu

Roxburghia japonica Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 9. 1827; Helwingia argyi H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Stemona argyi (H. Léveillé & Vaniot) H. Léveillé; S. ovata Nakai.

Vines. Roots 1--1.5 cm thick. Stems erect, base woody. Leaves whorled; petiole 1--4 cm, slender; leaf blade ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or ovate-oblong, 4--9(--11) × 1.5--4.5 cm, veins 5--9, base subtruncate to rounded, rarely rounded-cordate or cuneate, margin slightly undulate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences cymes, 1- to several flowered; peduncle or pedicel borne on leaf midvein, 0.5--4 cm, slender; bracts narrowly lanceolate, ca. 3 mm. Perianth segments green, lanceolate, 10--15 × 2--3 mm, margin revolute. Stamens purple, slightly shorter than perianth; filaments ca. 1 mm, stout; anthers 2--2.5 mm; appendages adherent, with a silky hair on either side, adaxial one ca. 2 mm. Capsule oblong, 10--14 × 4--8 mm, often 2- or 3-seeded, apex obtuse. Fl. May--Jul.

* Hillsides, densely grassy roadsides; 300--400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [?Japan].

The roots are used medicinally.


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