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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Liliaceae | Hemerocallis

3. Hemerocallis minor Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Hemerocallis no. 2. 1768.

小黄花菜 xiao huang hua cai

Hemerocallis flava (Linnaeus) Linnaeus var. minor (Miller) M. Hotta.

Plants deciduous in winter. Roots ropelike, 1.5--3(--4) mm thick, sometimes fibrous, without a tuberous part. Leaves linear, 20--60 × 0.3--1.5 cm. Scape slightly shorter than or subequaling leaves, slender, solid; sterile bracts absent. Inflorescence short; axes very short; helicoidal cymes 2(or 3), 1- or 2-flowered; bracts lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 0.8--2.5 cm × 3--8 mm. Pedicel 4--18 mm. Flowers fragrant, opening in evening and lasting 1--2 days. Perianth lemon-colored; tube usually greenish, short, 1--2.5(--3) cm; segments spreading, 4--7.5 cm, inner ones 1.5--2.3 cm wide, wider than outer ones. Filaments ca. 4 cm; anthers pale yellow, sometimes purple-black adaxially, ca. 5 mm. Capsule narrowly ellipsoid, 2--3 × 1--2 cm. Fl. May--Jun. 2 n = 22.

Forests, thickets, grassy slopes, meadows, waste fields, wet places along valleys; 200--2600 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi [Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].

The flowers are steamed and then dried as a traditional food in China.


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