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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Cymbidium

42. Cymbidium faberi Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1896: 198. 1896.

蕙兰 hui lan

Cymbidium cerinum Schlechter; C. faberi f. viridiflorum S. S. Ying; C. fukienense T. K. Yen; C. oiwakense Hayata; C. scabroserrulatum Makino; Eulophia yunnanensis Rolfe; Semiphajus evrardii Gagnepain.

Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs inconspicuous. Leaves 4-8, suberect, 25-80 × 0.7-1.2 cm, with transparent veins, conduplicate at base, not articulate, margin sharply serrate. Inflorescence arising from axil of uppermost leaf, suberect or slightly curved, 35-50(-80) cm; peduncle with many long sheaths; rachis 5-11- or more flowered; floral bracts linear-lanceolate, usually 10-20 × 2-5 mm, ca. 1/2 as long as ovary. Flowers usually very fragrant; pedicel and ovary 20-26 mm; sepals and petals pale yellowish green; lip pale yellowish green with purplish red patches. Sepals sublanceolate-oblong or narrowly obovate, 25-35 × 6-8 mm, apex acute. Petals oblong-ovate, 22-30 × 7-9 mm, apex acute; lip oblong-ovate, 20-25 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe strongly recurved, ligulate, 12-16 × 5-10 mm, margin usually crisped; disk papillate or puberulent, with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe; lamellae convergent toward their apices and forming a short tube. Column slightly arcuate, 12-16 mm, narrowly winged; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs, broadly ovoid. Capsule narrowly subellipsoid, 50-55 × ca. 20 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 40, 42*, 43, 44.

Damp but well-drained slopes, open shrubby places; 700-3000 m. Anhui, N Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, E Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [N India, Nepal].


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