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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Goodyera

22. Goodyera velutina Maximowicz ex Regel, Gartenflora. 16: 38. 1867.

绒叶斑叶兰 rong ye ban ye lan

Epipactis velutina (Maximowicz ex Regel) A. A. Eaton; Goodyera morrisonicola Hayata; G. schlechtendaliana H. G. Reichenbach var. velutina (Maximowicz ex Regel) M. Hiroe; Orchiodes velutina (Maximowicz ex Regel) Kuntze; Peramium morrisonicola (Hayata) Makino; P. velutinum (Maximowicz ex Regel) Makino.

Plants terrestrial, 8-17 cm tall. Rhizome slender, few noded. Stem ascending, 2.5-6 cm, 3-5-leaved. Leaves spaced along stem, abaxially purplish red, adaxially deep green or occasionally dark purplish green, velvetlike, with a white band along midvein, ovate to elliptic, 2-5 × 0.8-2.5 cm, base rounded, apex acute; petiole-like base and tubular sheath reddish brown at base, 0.8-1.5 cm. Peduncle deep reddish brown, 3-6 cm, pubescent, with 2 or 3 sterile bracts; rachis 2.5-5 cm, laxly 6-15-flowered, secund; floral bracts reddish brown, lanceolate, 10-12 × 3-3.5 mm, apex acuminate. Flowers opening weakly, white tinged pink, medium-sized; pedicel and ovary greenish brown, cylindric-fusiform, 8-11 mm, pubescent. Sepals pubescent on outer surface; dorsal sepal oblong, 7-12 × 2.2-4 mm, 1-veined, apex obtuse; lateral sepals ovate-elliptic to narrowly elliptic, oblique, 8-12 × 3.5-5 mm, 1-3-veined, apex obtuse. Petals oblong-rhombic, oblique, 7-12 × 3.5-4.5 mm, 1-veined, base attenuate, apex obtuse; lip ovate, 6.5-9 mm; hypochile concave-saccate, inside papillose; epichile ligulate, cymbiform, 2-3.5 mm, apex recurved. Column 2-3 mm; anther ovoid, apex acuminate; pollinia 2.2-3 mm; rostellum ca. 2.5 mm, remnant deeply bifid. Fl. Sep-Oct. 2n = 28, 30, 56.

Damp places in forests; 700-3000 m. N Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].


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