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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Pleione

7. Pleione hookeriana (Lindley) Rollisson, Gen. Cat., Orchids. 43. 1876.

毛唇独蒜兰 mao chun du suan lan

Coelogyne hookeriana Lindley, Fol. Orchid. 5(Coelogyne): 14. 1854; C. hookeriana var. brachyglossa H. G. Reichenbach; Pleione hookeriana var. brachyglossa (H. G. Reichenbach) Rolfe; P. laotica Kerr.

Herbs, epiphytic. Pseudobulb green or purple, ovoid to conic, 1-2 × 0.5-1 cm, base sometimes attached to a slender rhizome, 1-leaved. Leaf still immature or not developing at flowering, elliptic-lanceolate or suboblong, 6-10 × 2-2.8 cm, papery, base attenuate into a petiole-like stalk 2-3 cm, apex acute. Inflorescence erect; peduncle 6-10 cm, with several membranous sheaths below middle; floral bract suboblong, 10-17 × 4-5 mm, apex obtuse. Flower solitary, small; sepals and petals pale purplish red to nearly white, lip white with a yellow center and purple or yellowish brown spots; pedicel and ovary 10-20 mm. Dorsal sepal suboblong or oblanceolate, 20-35(-45) × 6-10 mm, apex acute; lateral sepals lanceolate, falcate, slightly oblique, usually as wide as but slightly shorter than dorsal sepal, apex acute. Petals oblanceolate, 20-35 × 5-7 mm, apex acute; lip oblate or subcordate, 25-40 × 27-45 mm, obscurely 3-lobed, apical margin irregularly denticulate or almost entire, apex emarginate; disk with 7 rows of papillae extending along central veins from near base of lip almost to apex of mid-lobe; hairs to ca. 2 mm tall. Column ± arcuate, 15-26(-30) mm; column wings very narrow below middle, dilated above, to 6-10 mm tall at apex, apex usually slightly denticulate. Capsule suboblong, 10-25 mm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Sep. 2n = 40.

On tree trunks, mossy rocks and cliffs at thicket margins; 1600-3100 m. N Guangdong, N and W Guangxi, SE Guizhou, S Xizang, SE Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, N Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, ?Thailand].


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